The answer may surprise you.
The Earth is a diverse planet with a wide range of climates. Some continents are known for their cold winters, while others are known for their hot summers. But which continent is the hottest on Earth?
What is a continent?
A continent is a large, continuous landmass that is separated from other landmasses by water. There are seven continents on Earth: Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, South America, and Antarctica.
Why is Africa the hottest continent?
There are several reasons why Africa is the hottest continent. First, Africa is located near the equator, which receives the most direct sunlight. Second, Africa has a large desert area, the Sahara, which is known for its extreme temperatures. Third, Africa has a relatively flat topography, which allows heat to spread more easily.
Specific reasons why Africa is hot
- Location near the equator: The Earth’s surface is tilted on its axis, which causes the sun’s rays to strike the Earth’s surface at a more direct angle near the equator. This means that the equator receives more sunlight than any other part of the Earth.
- Large desert area: The Sahara Desert covers about 3.6 million square miles of Africa. Deserts are known for their hot, dry climates.
- Relatively flat topography: Africa has a relatively flat topography, with few mountains or other features that could block the sun’s rays. This allows heat to spread more easily across the continent.
Specific examples of hot temperatures in Africa
- The hottest temperature ever recorded on Earth was 134 degrees Fahrenheit (56.7 degrees Celsius), which was recorded in the El Azizia oasis in Libya in 1922.
- The average temperature in the Sahara Desert is about 104 degrees Fahrenheit (40 degrees Celsius).
- The average temperature in the Kalahari Desert is about 86 degrees Fahrenheit (30 degrees Celsius).
Based on the reasons listed above, it is clear that Africa is the hottest continent on Earth. The continent’s location near the equator, large desert area, and relatively flat topography all contribute to its hot climate.
- For more information about the climate of Africa, visit the website of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
- To see how climate change is affecting the continent, visit the website of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
Find this and many more knowledge guides on Monkicon