Learn about Ukraine’s history, its borders with other countries, and its major cities.
Ukraine is a large country located in Eastern Europe. It is the second-largest country in Europe by area, after Russia. Ukraine is bordered by Russia to the east and northeast, Belarus to the north, Poland, Slovakia, and Hungary to the west, Romania and Moldova to the southwest, and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south.
The capital and largest city of Ukraine is Kyiv. Other major cities include Kharkiv, Odessa, Dnipro, and Donetsk.
Ukraine is a landlocked country, but it has a long coastline on the Black Sea and Sea of Azov. The country is also home to a number of rivers, including the Dnieper, Dniester, and Southern Bug.
Ukraine has a long and rich history. The first known inhabitants of the region were the Scythians, a nomadic people who lived in the area from the 7th to the 3rd centuries BC. In the 9th century AD, the Vikings founded the city of Kyiv, which became the capital of the Kievan Rus’ state.
The Kievan Rus’ state was a powerful empire that ruled over much of Eastern Europe. However, it was eventually divided into a number of smaller principalities. In the 13th century, the Mongol Empire conquered Ukraine.
In the 16th century, Ukraine was divided between the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Russian Empire. The Ukrainian people were divided between the two empires, and they often fought for their independence.
In the 20th century, Ukraine was independent for a brief period after the First World War. However, it was soon conquered by the Soviet Union. Ukraine became an independent country again in 1991, after the collapse of the Soviet Union.
Ukraine is a large country with a diverse landscape. The country is divided into three main regions: the Carpathian Mountains, the Dnieper Basin, and the Black Sea Plain.
The Carpathian Mountains are located in the western part of Ukraine. They are a range of mountains that run from Poland to Romania. The Dnieper Basin is a large plain located in the central part of Ukraine. It is home to the Dnieper River, the longest river in Ukraine. The Black Sea Plain is located in the southern part of Ukraine. It is a flat plain that borders the Black Sea.
Ukraine is a large and diverse country with a long and rich history. It is located in Eastern Europe and is bordered by Russia to the east, Belarus to the north, Poland, Slovakia, and Hungary to the west, Romania and Moldova to the southwest, and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south.
If you are interested in learning more about Ukraine, I recommend the following resources:
- The Ukrainian Wikipedia
- The website of the Ukrainian government
- The book “Ukraine: A History” by Serhii Plokhy
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